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Devices - Elementary
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Microcredential ID : 57
Stack
Computing Systems - Elementary
Credits
0.5 PTSB Recertification Credit

Description

Earners demonstrate their understanding of the features and applications of common computing devices. Earners will show how they effectively support students in learning about connected systems and how the interaction between humans and devices influences design decisions, including how many everyday objects contain computational components that sense and act on the world. Earners will also need to demonstrate how they promote student self-efficacy by facilitating student creativity, choice in product and process, and self-directed learning.

Standards
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4a - Analyze CS curricula. Analyze CS curricula for implementation in their classrooms in terms of CS standards alignment, accuracy, completeness of content, cultural relevance, and accessibility.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4b - Develop standards-aligned learning experiences. Design and adapt learning experiences that align to comprehensive K-12 CS standards.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Classroom Practice
    5c - Promote student self-efficacy. Promote student self-efficacy by facilitating student creativity, choice in product and process, and self-directed learning.
  • Wyoming Content and Performance Standards > Devices
    2.CS.D.01 - Independently select and use a computing device to perform a variety of tasks for an intended outcome (e.g., create an artifact).
  • Wyoming Content and Performance Standards > Devices
    5.CS.D.01 - Independently, describe how internal and external parts of computing devices function to form a system.
How To Earn This Microcredential

To earn this micro-credential you will process through the ADDIE learning model producing evidence that demonstrates your knowledge of the Wyoming Computer Science Content and Performance Standards and the CSTA Standards for Teachers. Through the ADDIE learning model you will analyze standards, design/develop and implement a lesson, collect student work artifacts, and evaluate your professional practices.

Fees
There will be no fee assessed for reviewing this microcredential.
Clarifications

This micro-credential is intended for teachers in grades K-6. If you teach middle school or high school grades, you will want to work on the secondary level computer science micro-credentials. The Devices micro-credential is one of three micro-credentials that make up the Computing Systems stack. The Computing Systems stack is one of six micro-credential stacks that will lead to a Computer Science Teacher Master Distinction when completed.

Important Terms
Accessibility:

The design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities. Accessibility standards that are generally accepted by professional groups include the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 and Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) standards.

Computing Device:

A physical device that uses hardware and software to receive, process, and output information. Computers, mobile phones, and computer chips inside.

Computer Science:

The study of computing principles, design, and applications (hardware & software); the creation, access, and use of information through algorithms and problem-solving, and the impact of computing on society.

Computing System:

A collection of one or more computers or computing devices, together with their hardware and software, integrated for the pur pose of accomplishing shared tasks. Although a computing system can be limited to a single computer or computing device, it more commonly refers to a collection of multiple connected computers, computing devices, and hardware.

Hardware:

The physical components that make up a computing system, computer, or computing device.

Input:

The signals or instructions are sent to a computer. [Techopedia]; (noun): A device or component that allows information to be given to a computer (code.org)

Operating System:

An operating system, or "OS," is software that communicates with the hardware and allows other programs to run.

Output:

Any device or component that receives information from a computer.

Self-Efficacy:

An individual’s belief in his/her ability to succeed in specific situations or accomplish a task.

Software:

Programs that run on a computing system, computer, or other computing devices.

System Software:

System software refers to the files and programs that make up your computer's operating system.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL):

UDL is a framework for designing a curriculum to be broadly accessible to ALL students. Learn more about utilizing the UDL Framework in CS education: https://ctrl.education.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2020/05/Copy-of-UDL-and-CS_CT-remix.pdf.

Background Scenario / How This Will Help You

This micro-credential collection provides earners with the opportunity to document their knowledge and skills in teaching computer science to students in grades K–6. The content provides resources to support understanding.

Earners are encouraged to participate in additional learning opportunities if more extensive learning is needed. Additional learning opportunities may include free online resources, postsecondary courses, and local courses.

The micro-credential structure offers earners flexible pathways and timelines. Earners can complete the micro-credentials in any order that aligns with their classroom timelines and availability. Micro-credentials offer earners the opportunity to submit evidence and receive evaluator feedback. Earners are encouraged to resubmit evidence until mastery is earned. Each resubmission will be reviewed, and updated feedback will be provided.

Evidence Options
Candidates are required to submit multiple pieces of evidence.
Category: Analyze

Analyze: Standards This task requires an analysis of both computer science content standards and the CSTA Standards for Computer Science Teachers.

Analyze: Standards:

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3GrqW41

ANALYZE K-6 Computing Systems – Devices.docx

Category: Design/Develop

This lesson plan shows the planned instruction of your computer science focus standard.

Lesson Plan:

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3ummSzC

DESIGN_DEVELOP.docx

Category: Implement

Implement the set of activities or lesson plan you designed.

Student Work:

Submit evidence of student learning for your focus standard. Include evidence of students that have met the standard and students that have not met the standard. Examples include videos of students working, completed student worksheets, etc. Annotate each piece of evidence to demonstrate how you facilitated student achievement of the standard.

Category: Evaluate

Evaluate how effective your activities were at promoting student learning of the standards. Use specific examples from the artifacts you submitted in the Implement activity.

Journal:

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3J5Og8X

EVALUATE – Worksheet.docx


Review Criteria

Evidence submissions and reflections will be reviewed for alignment with the assignment guidelines and this proficiency scale. Proficiency scale: https://bit.ly/34a5B21

The checklist will help you review your submission materials to ensure you address everything that is expected for this micro-credential. Checklist: https://bit.ly/3AVWL3E.

Reflection Prompts

Please provide a self-assessment, a score from 1–4, on each component of the proficiency scale found here: https://bit.ly/34a5B21. Provide a few sentences stating where the pieces of evidence that support the scores for each component are located.

If you are resubmitting, please indicate what changes were made in the documents (e.g., highlight, text color) and include "Resubmission #" with the resubmission number in the file title when you upload.


Review Criteria

Content knowledge – The teacher demonstrates accurate and complete knowledge of the content and skills of the standard being taught. CSTA 4a

Inform instruction through assessment – The teacher develops multiple forms and modalities of assessment to provide feedback and support. The teacher uses resulting data for instructional decision-making and differentiation. CSTA 4g

Supporting standards The teacher identifies and explains the connection of supporting computer science standards to the standard being taught in their lesson.

Vertical alignment – The teacher explains the relationship of the standard in the scope and sequence of computer science standards directly above and below chosen grade band. CSTA 4b

Promote student self-efficacy – The teacher explains how they promote student self-efficacy by facilitating student creativity, choice in product and process, and self-directed learning. CSTA 5c

Resources
2nd grade CS Lessons Gilbert Public Schools
https://www.azed.gov/sites/default/files/2019/09/2nd%20Grade%20CS%20Lessons.pdf?id=5d72d03b1dcb251298c0fa91

Lessons aligned to each CS Standard for grades K-2.


5th grade CS Lessons Gilbert Public Schools
https://www.azed.gov/sites/default/files/2019/09/5th%20Grade%20CS%20Lessons.pdf?id=5d72d0c61dcb251298c0fa9e

Lessons aligned to each CS Standard for grades 3 -5.


Episode 07: Computer Systems
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55dJjQ1jHvg

Video from Hello Ruby focusing on inputs and outputs of a computer.


How Computers Work: CPU, Memory, Input & Output
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKGZlaPlVLY

Video explaining the components that allow a computer to input, store, process, and output information.


Love Lettters for Computers
https://www.helloruby.com/loveletters

Love Letters for Computers is a free resource including a series of videos, resources, classroom materials, and a teacher journal that will help you plan how to integrate computer science into your curriculum for children in kindergarten and first years of primary school.


Self-Efficacy Albert Bandura
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1xnC0c5cpmqh663Rptf3PPzMdjnbbXIdG/view?usp=sharing

Research paper on effects of self-efficacy.


Self-Efficacy: Helping Students Believe in Themselves
https://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/affective/efficacy.html

Article on self-efficacy in the classroom and gives advice on how to foster it in students.


What is a Computer?
https://studio.code.org/s/csd1-2021/lessons/4

In this lesson, students will consider different types of computers and that these computers use information as part of the problem-solving process.


Why Self-Directed Learning Is Beneficial And Self-Empowering
https://www.uopeople.edu/blog/self-directed-learning-beneficial/

Article on how self-directed learning is beneficial and self-empowering which is part of CSTA 5c.


Why Self-Efficacy Matters
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agwsjYg9hJ8

TED Talk sharing why self-efficacy is important for teachers and students. Discusses the keys to self-efficacy include personally experiencing success with the specific task; observing others like ourselves succeeding in the task; receiving regular encouragement; and learning to reinterpret and thus manage negative feelings, including anxiety and the fear of failure.

Earners
Erika Jorgensen

Erika Jorgensen
Kaylee Nygren

Kaylee Nygren
Melissa Rasmussen

Melissa Rasmussen

Wyoming Department of Education

122 W. 25th St. Suite E200

Cheyenne, WY 82002

Phone: (307) 777-7675 

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