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Inference & Models - Elementary
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Microcredential ID : 61
Stack
Data & Analysis - Elementary
Credits
0.5 PTSB Recertification Credit

Description

Earners demonstrate their understanding of inferences and models to support students in learning about using data to make simple predictions. Earners must also show how they support students in learning how models and simulations are used to examine theories and understand systems and how predictions and inferences are affected by complex and more extensive data sets. Earners will also need to demonstrate how they cultivate a positive classroom climate that values and amplifies varied perspectives, abilities, approaches, and solutions.

Standards
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4a - Analyze CS curricula. Analyze CS curricula for implementation in their classrooms in terms of CS standards alignment, accuracy, completeness of content, cultural relevance, and accessibility.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4b - Develop standards-aligned learning experiences. Design and adapt learning experiences that align to comprehensive K-12 CS standards.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4g - Inform instruction through assessment. Develop multiple forms and modalities of assessment to provide feedback and support. Use resulting data for instructional decision-making and differentiation.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Classroom Practice
    5b - Cultivate a positive classroom climate. Cultivate a positive classroom climate that values and amplifies varied perspectives, abilities, approaches, and solutions.
  • Wyoming Content and Performance Standards > Inference & Models
    2.DA.IM.01 - With guidance, interpret data and present it in a chart or graph (visualization) in order to make a prediction, with or without a computing device.
  • Wyoming Content and Performance Standards > Inference & Models
    5.DA.IM.01 - Use data to highlight or propose relationships, predict outcomes, or communicate an idea.
How To Earn This Microcredential

To earn this micro-credential, you will process through the ADDIE learning model producing evidence that demonstrates your knowledge of the Wyoming Computer Science Content and Performance Standards and the CSTA Standards for Teachers. Through the ADDIE learning model, you will analyze standards, design/develop and implement a lesson, collect student work artifacts, and evaluate your professional practices.

Fees
There will be no fee assessed for reviewing this microcredential.
Clarifications

This micro-credential is intended for teachers in grades K-6. If you teach middle school or high school grades, you will want to work on the secondary level computer science micro-credentials. The Inferences & Models micro-credential is one of three micro-credentials that make up the Data & Analysis stack. The Data & Analysis stack is one of six micro-credential stacks that will lead to a Computer Science Teacher Master Distinction when completed.

Important Terms
App:

A type of application software designed to run on a mobile device, such as a smartphone or tablet computer. Also known as a mobile application.

Classroom Climate:

The prevailing mood, attitudes, standards, and tone that students and teachers feel when they are in the classroom.

Computational Artifact:

Anything created by a human using a computational thinking process and a computing device. A computational artifact can be but is not limited to, a program, image, audio, video, presentation, or web page file.

Computational Thinking:

The thought processes involved formulating a problem and expressing its solutions so that a computer (human or machine) can effectively carry them out.

Computer Science:

The study of computing principles, design, and applications (hardware & software); the creation, access, and use of information through algorithms and problem solving, and the impact of computing on society.

Data:

Information that is collected and used for reference or analysis. Data can be digital or nondigital and can be in many forms, including numbers, text, show of hands, images, sounds, or video.

Data Structure:

A particular way to store and organize data within a computer program to suit a specific purpose so that it can be accessed a nd worked with in appropriate ways.

Data Type:

A classification of data that is distinguished by its attributes and the types of operations that can be performed on it. Some common data types are integer, string, Boolean (true or false), and floating-point.

Encoding:

Encoding is the process of converting data from one form to another.

Forms of Assessment:

Forms of assessment include formative, summative, or student self-assessment.

Inference:

A conclusion is reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.

Modalities of Assessment:

Modalities of assessment include written assessment, oral assessment, performance tasks, or visual representations.

Model:

A representation of some part of a problem or a system. [MDESE, 2016] Note: This definition differs from that used in science.

Reliability:

Consistently produces the same results, preferably meeting or exceeding its requirements.

Stereotype Threat:

Being at risk of confirming, as a self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about one's social group.

Unconscious Bias:

Prejudice or unsupported judgments in favor of or against one thing, person, or group as compared to another, in a way that is usually considered unfair.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL):

UDL is a framework for designing a curriculum to be broadly accessible to ALL students. Learn more about utilizing the UDL Framework in CS education.

Background Scenario / How This Will Help You

This micro-credential collection provides earners with the opportunity to document their knowledge and skills in teaching computer science to students in grades K-6. The resources offer support understanding.

Earners are encouraged to participate in additional learning opportunities if more extensive learning is needed. Other learning opportunities may include free online resources, postsecondary courses, and local courses.

The micro-credential structure offers earners flexible pathways and timelines. Earners can complete the micro-credentials in any order that aligns with their classroom timelines and availability. In addition, micro-credentials offer earners the opportunity to submit evidence and receive evaluator feedback. Earners are encouraged to resubmit evidence until mastery is earned. Each resubmission will be reviewed, and updated feedback will be provided.

Evidence Options
Candidates are required to submit multiple pieces of evidence.
Category: Analyze

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF.

Analyze: Standards:

This task requires an analysis of both computer science content standards and the CSTA Standards for Computer Science Teachers. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3ooH7ch

ANALYZE K-6 Data _ Analysis – Inferences _ Models.docx

Category: Design/Develop

This lesson plan shows the planned instruction of your computer science focus standard.

Lesson Plan:

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you are finished with this task, upload your lesson plan in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3ummSzC

EVALUATE – Worksheet.docx

Category: Implement

Implement the set of activities or lesson plan you designed.

Student Work:

Submit evidence of student learning for your focus standard. Include evidence of students that have met the standard and students that have not met the standard. Examples include videos of students working, completed student worksheets, etc. Annotate each piece of evidence to demonstrate how you facilitated student achievement of the standard.

Category: Evaluate

Evaluate how effective your activities were at promoting student learning of the standards. Use specific examples from the artifacts you submitted in the Implement activity.

Journal:

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3J5Og8X

EVALUATE – Worksheet.docx


Review Criteria

Evidence submissions and reflections will be reviewed for alignment with the assignment guidelines and the proficiency scale. Proficiency scale: https://bit.ly/3AZDYV2

The checklist will help you review your submission materials to ensure you address everything that is expected for this micro-credential. Checklist: https://bit.ly/34C9jkR

Reflection Prompts

Please provide a self-assessment, a score from 1–4, on each component of the proficiency scale found here: https://bit.ly/3AZDYV2. Provide a few sentences stating where the pieces of evidence that support the scores for each component are located.

If you are resubmitting, please indicate what changes were made in the documents (e.g., highlight, text color) and include "Resubmission #" with the resubmission number in the file title when you upload.


Review Criteria

Content knowledge – The teacher demonstrates accurate and complete knowledge of the content and skills of the standard being taught. CSTA 4a

Inform instruction through assessment – The teacher develops multiple forms and modalities of assessment to provide feedback and support. The teacher uses resulting data for instructional decision-making and differentiation. CSTA 4g

Supporting standards The teacher identifies and explains the connection of supporting computer science standards to the standard being taught in their lesson.

Vertical alignment – The teacher explains the relationship of the standard in the scope and sequence of computer science standards directly above and below chosen grade band. CSTA 4b

Cultivate a Positive Classroom Climate – The teacher cultivates a positive classroom climate that values and amplifies varied perspectives, abilities, approaches, and solutions and that promotes student self-identity and inclusivity. CSTA 5b

Resources
2nd grade CS Lessons Gilbert Public Schools
https://www.azed.gov/sites/default/files/2019/09/2nd%20Grade%20CS%20Lessons.pdf?id=5d72d03b1dcb251298c0fa91

Lessons aligned to each CS Standard for grades K-2.


5th grade CS Lessons Gilbert Public Schools
https://www.azed.gov/sites/default/files/2019/09/5th%20Grade%20CS%20Lessons.pdf?id=5d72d0c61dcb251298c0fa9e

Lessons aligned to each CS Standard for grades 3 -5.


Collecting, Representing, & Interpreting Data
https://mathsolutions.com/ms_classroom_lessons/collecting-representing-interpreting-data/

Lesson for K-2 illustrating ways to collect and represent data in an unplugged way.


Creating a Circle Graph
https://teaching.betterlesson.com/community/lesson/12194/creating-a-circle-graph

The lesson plan teaches students how to collect data and represent it in a circle graph to support a claim.


Data Detective
https://www.digitaltechnologieshub.edu.au/teachers/lesson-ideas/data-detective

Students conduct a simple survey to collect, organize, and present data in this lesson. In doing so, they demonstrate their understanding of how to use patterns to represent data symbolically.


Graphing in Google Sheets
https://christinepinto.com/2016/07/10/graphing-in-google-sheets/

Example activity that teaches primary students how to graph in google sheets.


Inference and Models with Fractions
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1xHfsZ_0K9kV3lgC4fVnDQtkDub_NkA8cgdzSUloaCdM/edit

In this lesson, students use Measurement data that includes fractions and represent it on a line plot. Then use it to answer questions about the data.


Key Factors in Creating a Positive Classroom Climate
https://www.cfchildren.org/blog/2012/08/key-factors-in-creating-a-positive-classroom-climate/

Defines and gives ideas for how to create a positive classroom climate.


Kids' Zone Create A Graph
https://nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createagraph/

Digital platform for students to use to create graphs to represent any data and make inferences based on their data.


Measuring and Graphing
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1eYxchSG_ByggI5p-xiAQISPOAGEUSlnO/edit

Students measure each other’s heights to the nearest inch, keep a personal record of their own heights, and plot their own heights in the correct column on two graphs that differ in their format. They learn about and practice measuring, comparing measurements with others (are they greater or less than) to find the graph column, and analyzing the data.


Picturing Data
https://studio.code.org/s/coursec-2021/lessons/14

Students will collect data from a Play Lab project and visualize it using different graphs in this exploratory lesson.


Simulating Experiements
https://studio.code.org/s/coursef-2021/lessons/16

In this context-setting lesson, students will run and collect data from a simple simulation in Sprite Lab. After running the simulation multiple times, students will have an opportunity to predict how changing a variable in the simulation might impact the outcome and test that hypothesis.


Teaching Students to Value Different Perspectives
https://www.castlelearning.com/news/news-teaching-students-to-value-different-perspectives/

Part of a positive classroom climate is helping students feel valued. This article gives strategies to help teachers teach their students to value the differing opinions of their peers.


Three Ways to Foster a Positive Classroom Climate
https://www.cfchildren.org/blog/2017/11/foster-positive-classroom-climate/

This article gives three simple steps teachers can take to create a positive classroom climate.

Earners
Kaylee Nygren

Kaylee Nygren
Melissa Rasmussen

Melissa Rasmussen

Wyoming Department of Education

122 W. 25th St. Suite E200

Cheyenne, WY 82002

Phone: (307) 777-7675 

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