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Storage - Elementary
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Microcredential ID : 62
Data & Analysis - Elementary Teachers
1 PTSB Recertification Credit


Earners demonstrate their understanding of how data is stored on computers. Earners also show how they effectively support student learning in evaluating different storage methods, including the tradeoffs associated with these methods. Earners will need to demonstrate how they use formative assessments to provide timely, specific, and actionable feedback to students and to adjust instruction and develop students’ ability to interpret and use feedback from computers, teachers, peers, and the community.

  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4a - Analyze CS curricula. Analyze CS curricula for implementation in their classrooms in terms of CS standards alignment, accuracy, completeness of content, cultural relevance, and accessibility.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4b - Develop standards-aligned learning experiences. Design and adapt learning experiences that align to comprehensive K-12 CS standards.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Instructional Design
    4g - Inform instruction through assessment. Develop multiple forms and modalities of assessment to provide feedback and support. Use resulting data for instructional decision-making and differentiation.
  • Computer Science Teachers Assocation (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers > Classroom Practice
    5f - Guide students' use of feedback. Use formative assessments to provide timely, specific, and actionable feedback to students and to adjust instruction. Develop students’ ability to interpret and use feedback from computers, teachers, peers, and community.
  • Wyoming Content and Performance Standards > Storage
    2.DA.S.01 - With guidance, develop and modify an organizational structure by creating, copying, moving, and deleting files and folders.
  • Wyoming Content and Performance Standards > Storage
    5.DA.S.01 - Justify the format and location for storing data based on sharing requirements and the type of information (e.g., images, videos, text).
How To Earn This Microcredential

To earn this microcredential, you will process through the ADDIE learning model producing evidence that demonstrates your knowledge of the Wyoming Computer Science Content and Performance Standards and the CSTA Standards for Teachers. Through the ADDIE learning model, you will analyze standards, design/develop and implement a lesson, collect student work artifacts, and evaluate your professional practices.

There will be no fee assessed for reviewing this microcredential.

This microcredential is intended for teachers in grades K-6. If you teach middle school or high school grades, you will want to work on the secondary level computer science microcredentials. The Storage microcredential is one of three microcredentials that make up the Data & Analysis stack. The Data & Analysis stack is one of six microcredential stacks, which, when completed, will lead to a Computer Science Teacher Master Distinction.

Important Terms

A type of application software designed to run on a mobile device, such as a smartphone or tablet computer. Also known as a mobile application.

Classroom Climate:

The prevailing mood, attitudes, standards, and tone that students and teachers feel when they are in the classroom.

Computational Artifact:

Anything created by a human using a computational thinking process and a computing device. A computational artifact can be but is not limited to, a program, image, audio, video, presentation, or web page file.

Computational Thinking:

The thought processes involved formulating a problem and expressing its solutions so that a computer (human or machine) can effectively carry them out.

Computer Science:

The study of computing principles, design, and applications (hardware & software); the creation, access, and use of information through algorithms and problem solving, and the impact of computing on society.


Information that is collected and used for reference or analysis. Data can be digital or nondigital and can be in many forms, including numbers, text, show of hands, images, sounds, or video.

Data Structure:

A particular way to store and organize data within a computer program to suit a specific purpose so that it can be accessed a nd worked with in appropriate ways.

Data Type:

A classification of data that is distinguished by its attributes and the types of operations that can be performed on it. Some common data types are integer, string, Boolean (true or false), and floating-point.


Encoding is the process of converting data from one form to another.

Forms of Assessment:

Forms of assessment include formative, summative, or student self-assessment.


A conclusion is reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.

Modalities of Assessment:

Modalities of assessment include written assessment, oral assessment, performance tasks, or visual representations.


A representation of some part of a problem or a system. [MDESE, 2016] Note: This definition differs from that used in science.


Consistently produces the same results, preferably meeting or exceeding its requirements.

Stereotype Threat:

Being at risk of confirming, as a self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about one's social group.

Unconscious Bias:

Prejudice or unsupported judgments in favor of or against one thing, person, or group as compared to another, in a way that is usually considered unfair.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL):

UDL is a framework for designing a curriculum to be broadly accessible to ALL students. Learn more about utilizing the UDL Framework in CS education.

Background Scenario / How This Will Help You

This microcredential collection provides earners with the opportunity to document their knowledge and skills in teaching computer science to students in grades K-6. The resources offer support understanding.

Earners are encouraged to participate in additional learning opportunities if more extensive learning is needed. Other learning opportunities may include free online resources, postsecondary courses, and local courses.

The microcredential structure offers earners flexible pathways and timelines. Earners can complete the microcredentials in any order that aligns with their classroom timelines and availability. In addition, microcredentials offer earners the opportunity to submit evidence and receive evaluator feedback. Earners are encouraged to resubmit evidence until mastery is earned. Each resubmission will be reviewed, and updated feedback will be provided.

Evidence Options
Be sure to submit the type and number of pieces of evidence specified below.
Category: Analyze

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF.

Analyze: Standards:

This task requires an analysis of both computer science content standards and the CSTA Standards for Computer Science Teachers. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/34ywwUS

ANALYZE K-6 Data _ Analysis – Storage.docx

Category: Design/Develop

This lesson plan shows the planned instruction of your computer science focus standard.

Lesson Plan:

All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you are finished with this task, upload your lesson plan in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3ummSzC


Category: Implement

Implement the set of activities or lesson plan you designed.

Student Work:

Submit evidence of student learning for your focus standard. Include evidence of students that have met the standard and students that have not met the standard. Examples include videos of students working, completed student worksheets, etc. Annotate each piece of evidence to demonstrate how you facilitated student achievement of the standard.

Category: Evaluate

Evaluate how effective your activities were at promoting student learning of the standards. Use specific examples from the artifacts you submitted in the Implement activity.


All instructions are included in the worksheet. Once you have completed the worksheet, upload it in the evidence section as a PDF. Google Docs Template: https://bit.ly/3J5Og8X

EVALUATE – Worksheet.docx

Review Criteria

Evidence submissions and reflections will be reviewed for alignment with the assignment guidelines and the proficiency scale. The checklist will help you review your submission materials to ensure you address everything that is expected for this micro-credential.

Proficiency scale: https://bit.ly/3Jk2zXZ. Checklist: https://bit.ly/3glrePc.

Reflection Prompts

Please provide a self-assessment, a score from 1–4, on each component of the proficiency scale found here: https://bit.ly/3Jk2zXZ. Provide a few sentences stating where the pieces of evidence that support the scores for each component are located.

If you are resubmitting, please indicate what changes were made in the documents (e.g., highlight, text color) and include "Resubmission #" with the resubmission number in the file title when you upload.

Review Criteria

Content knowledge – The teacher demonstrates accurate and complete knowledge of the content and skills of the standard being taught. CSTA 4a

Inform instruction through assessment – The teacher develops multiple forms and modalities of assessment to provide feedback and support. The teacher uses resulting data for instructional decision-making and differentiation. CSTA 4g

Supporting standards The teacher identifies and explains the connection of supporting computer science standards to the standard being taught in their lesson.

Vertical alignment – The teacher explains the relationship of the standard in the scope and sequence of computer science standards directly above and below chosen grade band. CSTA 4b

Guide students' use of feedback – The teacher uses formative assessments to provide timely, specific, and actionable feedback to students, and to adjust instruction. The teacher develops students’ ability to interpret and use feedback from computers, teachers, peers, and the community. CSTA 5f

2nd grade CS Lessons Gilbert Public Schools

Lessons aligned to each CS Standard for grades K-2.

5th grade CS Lessons Gilbert Public Schools

Lessons aligned to each CS Standard for grades 3 -5.

Applied Digital Skills: Use Drive to Organize Files

Teach and learn practical digital skills needed for the jobs of today and tomorrow with Google for Educations free video lessons. This lesson focuses on storing, accessing, and sharing files in Google Drive Cloud.

Cloud Computing

Discover how the "cloud" is really a network of powerful data centers connected by the Internet. Learn how any device with an Internet (or even cellular) connection can access this network from anywhere in the world. Explore the multiple uses of the cloud, from storing huge amounts of data to running computer programs on many devices at once.

Data Storage Devices

Learn the basics of data storage devices in this lesson from BrainPOP. Includes an introduction to binary and how digital devices communicate and store data.

How Computer Data is Stored

Quick introduction video of how computers store data.

Importance of Feedback in Assessment

This article discusses the importance of feedback in assessment as well as the criteria to make feedback useful.

Keeping Students Digitally Organized Using Google Drive

Blog post from a Media Specialist with tips, guides, and videos demonstrating how to organize and create files in Google Drive for teachers and students.

Love Lettters for Computers

Love Letters for Computers is a free resource including a series of videos, resources, classroom materials, and a teacher journal that will help you plan how to integrate computer science into your curriculum for children in kindergarten and first years of primary school.

Teaching Students to Give Peer Feedback

This article describes how teachers can foster peer-to-peer feedback in their classrooms.

Canvas Course: Data & Analysis - Elementary

This course is designed to support you in completing the following Wyoming Elementary Computer Science (CS) micro-credentials in the Data and Analysis stack: (1) Storage; (2) Collection, Visualization, & Transformation; and (3) Inferences & Models The course is organized into three modules, one for each micro-credential in the stack. The course supports educators in better understanding the Computer Science Wyoming Content & Performance Standards, Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA) Standards for CS Teachers, and how to complete the Analyze and Develop tasks associated with the micro-credential.

Linsay Alexander

Linsay Alexander
Hailee Baker

Hailee Baker
Anna Bechtel

Anna Bechtel
Minda Blevins

Minda Blevins
Sue Clarke

Sue Clarke
Kylee Dripps

Kylee Dripps
Jamie Fortman

Jamie Fortman
Traci Gardner

Traci Gardner
Sarah Hagemeier

Sarah Hagemeier
Sandra Joslin

Sandra Joslin
 Angela Kinsolving

Angela Kinsolving
Sara Kirkpatrick

Sara Kirkpatrick
Carolyn MacFarland

Carolyn MacFarland
Katie Mitchell

Katie Mitchell
Megan Mohr

Megan Mohr
Shebree Moore

Shebree Moore
Kaylee Nygren

Kaylee Nygren
Melissa Price

Melissa Price
Courtney Pushcar

Courtney Pushcar
Melissa Rasmussen

Melissa Rasmussen
Annie Sampson

Annie Sampson
Wyoming Department of Education

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