This micro-credential represents the earner's ability to teach computational thinking concepts in any K–12 classroom. Computational thinking is defined as the thought processes involved in formulating a problem and expressing its solutions in such a way that a computer (human or machine) can effectively carry them out. Please see "01. PROFICIENCY SCALE – Computational Thinking" in the resources to view specific performance standards included in this micro-credential.
To earn this micro-credential you will process through the ADDIE learning model producing evidence that demonstrates your knowledge of applying computational thinking concepts in a K–12 classroom. Through the ADDIE learning model you will analyze standards, design/develop and implement a lesson, collect student work artifacts, and evaluate your professional practices.
The Computational Thinking Micro-Credential is a stand-alone micro-credential designed to be completed by K–12 educators across all curriculums. It is also the first micro-credential to complete as part of the Wyoming Computer Science Teacher Master Distinction.
Process: The process of reducing complexity by focusing on the main idea. By hiding details irrelevant to the question at hand and bringing together related and useful details, abstraction reduces complexity and allows one to focus on the problem. Product: A new representation of a thing, a system, or a problem that helpfully reframes a problem by hiding details irrelevant to the question at hand. [MO DESE, 2016]Accessibility:
The design of products, devices, services, or environments for people with disabilities. Accessibility standards that are generally accepted by professional groups include the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 and Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) standards. [Wikipedia]Algorithm:
A step-by-step process to complete a task.Computational artifact:
Anything created by a human using a computational thinking process and a computing device. A computational artifact can be, but is not limited to, a program, image, audio, video, presentation, or web page file. [College Board, 2016]Computational thinking:
The thought processes involved in formulating a problem and expressing its solutions in such a way that a computer (human or machine) can effectively carry them out.Computer science:
The study of computing principles, design, and applications (hardware and software); the creation, access, and use of information through algorithms and problem-solving; and the impact of computing on society.Debugging:
The process of finding and correcting errors (bugs) in programs. [MO DESE, 2016]Decomposition:
Breaking down a problem or system into components. [MO DESE, 2016]Loop:
A programming structure that repeats a sequence of instructions as long as a specific condition is true. [Tech Terms]Universal design for learning (UDL):
A framework for designing curriculum to be broadly accessible to all students. To learn more about utilizing the UDL framework in computer science education, find "About Universal Design for Learning" in the resources.Culturally relevant pedagogy:
A teaching technique that incorporates the cultural resources of the learners and that “empowers students to maintain cultural integrity, while succeeding academically." [Billings, 1995]Pattern recognition:
Finding the similarities or patterns among small, decomposed problems that can help us solve more complex problems more efficiently.Unplugged activity:
Tasks performed away from a computer in order to model key concepts in different ways.Plugged activity :
A lesson that requires use of hardware, software or both in order to fully address the intent of the standard.
This micro-credential provides earners the opportunity to document their knowledge and skills in teaching computational thinking to students in grades K–12. The content provides resources to support understanding.
Earners are encouraged to participate in additional learning opportunities if more extensive learning is needed. Additional learning opportunities may include free online resources, postsecondary courses, and local courses.
The micro-credential structure offers earners flexible pathways and timelines. Earners can complete the micro-credentials in any order that aligns with their classroom timelines and availability. Micro-credentials offer earners the opportunity to submit evidence and receive evaluator feedback. Earners are encouraged to resubmit evidence until mastery is earned. Each resubmission will be reviewed and updated feedback will be provided.
Complete "02. ANALYZE – Curriculum Screener – Computational Thinking in My Classroom" in the resources section below. Examine how each of the five computational thinking concepts including decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, algorithm design, and testing & debugging are currently integrated in your classroom. Submit as a PDF. The resource can be found by following this link: https://bit.ly/2U3eXaC.
Find "03. DEVELOP – Computational Thinking" in the resources section below. Design or revise a lesson plan that integrates the application of one of the following computational thinking concepts: decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, algorithm design, and testing & debugging. All instructions can be found in the resource. Submit as a PDF. The resource can be found by following this link: https://bit.ly/3d92ZCC.
Create and submit a set of student resources that support the use of computational thinking concepts in your selected grade level. The set of resources should address decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, algorithm design, and testing & debugging. The set of resources can be worksheets, posters, videos, etc. Please choose the format that works best for you and your students.
Implement the set of activities or lesson plan you designed. Submit evidence of student learning for your focus standard. Include evidence of students that have met the standard and students that have not met the standard. Examples include videos of students working, completed student worksheets, etc. Annotate each piece of evidence to demonstrate how you facilitated student achievement of the standard.
Find "04. EVALUATE – Computational Thinking Worksheet" in the resources section below. All instructions are included in the worksheet. The resource can be found by following this link: https://bit.ly/3jbRHRO.
Evidence submissions and reflections will be reviewed for alignment with the assignment guidelines and this proficiency scale, found here: https://bit.ly/3zZe0jY. This checklist will help you review your submission materials to ensure you address everything that is expected for this micro-credential: https://bit.ly/3bT9QPP.
Please provide a self-assessment, a score from 1–4, on each component of the proficiency scale found here: https://bit.ly/2UFtA3N. Provide a few sentences stating where the pieces of evidence that support the scores for each component are located.
If you are resubmitting, please indicate what changes were made in the documents (e.g., highlight, text color) and include "Resubmission #" with the resubmission number in the file title when you upload.
KNOWLEDGE OF COMPUTATIONAL THINKING The teacher demonstrates understanding of these individual concepts: decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, algorithm design, and testing & debugging. The teacher effectively teaches one of the computational thinking concepts in their lesson.
BUILD CONNECTIONS BETWEEN COMPUTATIONAL THINKING AND OTHER DISCIPLINES The teacher identifies connections between the primary subject matter they teach and the following concepts: decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, algorithm design, and testing & debugging. The teacher effectively integrates one of the computational thinking concepts with the content standards being taught in their lesson.
Teachers concerned that they might be showing bias against students in marginalized groups can use this short checklist for self-assessment.
This paper can help teachers see how computational thinking can be applied to other curriculum areas.
This paper can help teachers to understand why computational thinking is so important to creating a 21st century learner and the effect it can have on the whole student.
This toolkit is focused on the elementary classroom but has helpful tools and examples of how to apply computational thinking outside of computer science lessons/classes. It focuses on the same four computational thinking skills as those the micro-credential focuses on.
This scale could be used in a secondary classroom to assess student ability in computational thinking.
This paper discusses the computational thinking strategies of abstraction, algorithms, and automation and how they relate to the Common Core State Standards and Next Generation Science Standards.
This chart shows the progression of decomposition and abstraction from prekindergarten to grade 12, with sample aligned activities. It can be helpful in designing an integrated computational thinking lesson.
This is a great resource that teachers can use for simple definitions and ideas for activities to bring computational thinking into their general education classroom.
This is the perfect resource for a teacher who has no background experience with computational thinking. It is engaging with videos and quizzes to help teachers learn the basics.
A podcast with real teachers who are integrating computational thinking.
Website based on integrating computational thinking in K–5. It includes links to more computational thinking resources, a blog with lesson ideas, a lesson toolkit, and more.
Searchable Google collection of references, demonstrations, lesson plans, and explorations.
A library of K–12 lessons that integrate computational thinking.
Defines each part of the computational thinking process and includes graphics, videos, and quizzes to help teachers build basic understanding in computational thinking.
This article defines the four parts of computational thinking and provides teachers with simple ways they can encourage computational thinking in their elementary classrooms.
This article can help teachers understand how to help develop their students ability to think computationally.
The computer science standards are written in grade bands (K–2, 3–5, 6–8, and 9–12). The standard committee (CSSRC) determined the standard to be met by the end of each grade band. In grades 9-12, there are level 1 and level 2 standards. Level 1 standards include introductory skills. Level 2 standards are intended for students who wish to advance their study of computer science. The teacher or earner can choose which grade band and standard to focus their lesson on.
Performance Level Descriptors (PLDs) describe the performance expectations of students for each of the four (4) performance level categories: advanced, proficient, basic, and below basic. These are a description of what students within each performance level are expected to know and be able to do. All PLDs are found in this document.
Solve a problem using computational thinking. Define a problem by breaking it down into parts, evaluating the parts, and determining whether a computational solution is appropriate. Identify patterns and extract common features from specific examples to create generalizations. Use generalized solutions and parts of solutions designed for broad reuse. Iteratively test and refine an artifact.
Explains the basic concepts of computational thinking and integration into math and science topics.
This video is highly recommended and details what the computational thinking mindset is and how it relates to math. This video consists of a computational thinking activity to allow math teachers to get some ideas and inspiration. This video is beneficial for math teachers and provides teachers with pedagogical ideas to support them throughout the learning process via teaching computational thinking mindset. This video is beneficial in that it provides definitions of computational thinking concepts and helps facilitate teacher knowledge in relation to the material.
Evaluate how effective your activities were at promoting student learning of the standards. Use specific examples from the artifacts you submitted in Implement and suggest any changes in practice or approach that you might make in the future based on your experience with this micro-credential.
For this task, design or revise a lesson plan that integrates the application of one of the Computational Thinking concepts: DECOMPOSITION, ABSTRACTION, PATTERN RECOGNITION, or TESTING & DEBUGGING. You will find a universal design for learning lesson plan template in this resource as well.
This brief video provides an overview and model for teachers who wish to deliver the Computer Science Fundamentals Unplugged activity, Computational Thinking.
This video explains each computational thinking concept and uses a real world example to show how we use computational thinking strategies everyday.
This video explains the computational thinking concept algorithm design as it applies to real life as well as to computer science principles.
This video explains the computational thinking concept abstraction as it applies to real life as well as to computer science principles.
This video explains the computational thinking concept pattern recognition as it applies to real life as well as computer science principles.
This video explains the computational thinking concept deconstruction as it applies to real life as well as to computer science principles.
This video introduces the concept and process of decomposition, the first step in computational thinking. Examples of decomposition are shown and resources for teaching decomposition skills in the classroom are introduced.
This video from Hello Ruby details what the computational thinking mindset is and how it relates to real-life examples and computers.
This is a sample completed computational thinking micro-credential.
“Unwrapping” is a simple method that all teachers in all grade levels can use to deconstruct the wording of any standard in order to know its meaning inside and out.
Use this worksheet for the analyze task.
This is a list of videos that support navigation of the Midas platform. Including how to submit micro-credentials for review.
This video provides best practices in Google Drive organization for the micro-credentials.
This checklist will help you review your submission materials to ensure you address everything that is expected for this micro-credential.
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